Most Random, Amazing and Bizarre Facts about Horses.

Horses are such fascinating creatures! Even if you never learned to ride or drive one, you could spend your whole life studying them and still have plenty to explore. Here are fifteen interesting facts about horses.

  • Horses Sleep Standing Up
    • three horses sleeping in sun. close up of head.
      Horses napping in the sun. Daniel Valla Frps / Getty Images

      Yes, horses do sleep standing up! They sleep laying down too, but only for short times. Learn all about the sleeping habits of horses.

    • Horse skeleton, artwork
      Horses have a one direction digestive system. SCIEPRO / Getty Images

      That’s right! Horses can’t burp, at least not the way humans do. They can’t vomit or breathe through their mouths like humans do either. A horse’s digestive system is a one-way street, unlike cattle and other ruminants who regurgitate food to re-chew it. Although they have a pretty efficient way of processing the tough fibrous foods that makes up their forage, this long, one-directional system can cause problems that result in colic.

    • Angry Horse On Field
      You can tell the approximate age of a horse by its teeth, but not its exact age. Kat Fo / EyeEm / Getty Images

      While you can’t tell the exact age of a horse by its teeth, you can estimate its age. Horses need proper equine dental care for their teeth, but sometimes a horse lives longer than its teeth do, so extra care is needed when feeding senior horses.

    • A horse
      Horses, like humans, are living longer than ever. Image Source / Getty Images

      One of the most common questions about horses is ‘how long does a horse live’. The answer may surprise you. Our knowledge or horse nutrition, horse care and veterinary medicine has increased. Because of this, just as human life expectancy has increased, so has equine longevity.

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      Quarter Horse with western saddle.
      The most popular breed is the Quarter Horse. Kit Houghton / Getty Images

      Appreciated by beginner riders and professional horsemen alike, the American Quarter Horse is the world’s most popular breed. Learn about the American Quarter Horse.

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      nativearabianhorselg.jpg
      An Arabian Horse. Image: Christof Koepsel/Getty Images

      The Arabian Horse is the foundation of many other light horse breed. They also possess some unique characteristics. Arabian horses have one fewer vertebrae, rib and tail bone than other horses. Learn about the Arabian Horse and it’s unique history and characteristics.

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      Horses are Herbivores

      Canada, British Columbia, Tweedsmuir Park, Chilcotin region, Chilcotin Ark, Rainbow Mountains, horses, trail horses,
      Horses grazing grass. Chris Harris / Getty Images

      Humans are omnivores, lions are carnivores, and horses are herbivores. The way their teeth are formed, the position of their eyes and their digestive system are all typical characteristics of herbivores.

    • Group of Horses.
      Horses live in small herds or groups. Arctic-Images / Getty Images

      Horses in the wild live in small herds, and domestic horses feel more comfortable if they have companions too. It can be quite stressful for a horse to live alone. To keep your horse happy, it will need a (preferably equine) friend. You may not be able to afford to keep two horses, so About.com Horses readers have submitted tips for keeping horse companions.

    • Horses Were Domesticated By Humans More Than 3000 Years Ago

      Relief depicting preparation of chariot, mortuary temple of Ramesses III, Medinet Habu, Thebes (UNESCO World Heritage List, 1979), Egyptian civilization, New Kingdom, Dynasty XX
      Egyptian chariot pulled by horses. De Agostini / C. Sappa / Getty Images

      Dogs may have become domesticated around 14,000 years ago. Cats became our companions about 8500 years ago. Humankind’s relationship with the horse began a little more recently, about 3500 BC although some evidence has come to light that horses may have been domesticated even earlier.

    • Horses are Measured in ‘Hands’

      A woman and a girl measuring height of pony using measuring stick against withers
      Sticking a pony to measure for height. Bob Langrish / Getty Images

      The standard measurement for determining the height of a horse is called a hand. A pony is any equine under 14.2 hands. The only equines not measured in hands are Miniature Horses that are measured in inches or centimeters.

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      Two wild horses (Equus caballus) on coastal headland
      Two grey horses. Steve Coleman / Getty Images

      Most of the white horses that you see were actually a much darker color at birth and gradually turn white. These ‘white’ horses may start out as bay, chestnut, or almost black. These horses aren’t actually called white, but gray.

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      The Resting Respiratory Rate of a Horse is About Four Breaths per Minute

      Veterinarian examining the horse
      Taking a pulse. Alina Solovyova-Vincent / Getty Images

      It’s important to know the resting pulse and respiration rate of your horse. While the resting respiration rate of a horse can be as low as four breaths per minute, that can quickly increase with work or distress. Learn your horse’s resting pulse and respiration rate or TPRs.

    • Horses are Not Native to North America

      Rock painting of tarpans (ponies), c.17000 BC
      Paleolithic / Getty Images

      Every horse on the North American continent are decedents of European horses. Even the horses that we regard as ‘wild’ are actually feral horses, whose ancestors escaped from captivity. Horses disappeared from the Americas over 8000 years ago and there is ample fossil evidence that the horse’s ancestors lived here previous to that.

    • A Baby Horse is Called a Foal

      Nursing foal.
      Nursing foal. Image: ElaiEva/www.freeimages.com/

      What is the difference between a filly, colt and foal? It all depends on gender and age. Generally, a foal is a baby horse. After it is weaned from its dam, it is called a weanling. But, horses remain fillies or colts until they are two years of age.

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      The Orginal ‘Horse’ Was the Size of a Golden Retriever

      Close-up of a phorusrhacos (Phorusrhacos longissimus) chasing Eohippuses
      DEA PICTURE LIBRARY / Getty Images

      The original horse was no larger than a Golden Retriever. Diminutive Hyracotherium may have looked more like a small goat or deer than a modern-day horse. Hyracotherium lived during the Eocene epoch about.

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